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Urinary Culture and Urinary Antibiotic Susceptibility Testing
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Urinary Culture and Urinary Antibiotic Susceptibility Testing

A urinary culture and antibiogram test is a diagnostic procedure used to identify the presence of bacteria or other microorganisms in a urine sample and determine the most effective antibiotics for treatment. Urinary Culture test detects the presence of bacteria or other microorganisms in a urine sample, confirming the diagnosis of a UTI. Antibiotic Susceptibility...

Complete Urine Test and Strip Test
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Complete Urine Test and Strip Test: What are These, Indications and Comparison

Complete urine test  (CUT) and a “strip test” (ST)  are diagnostic tools used to assess urine for various health indicators. A comprehensive examination of urine involving physical, chemical, and microscopic analysis. Provides detailed information on parameters like color, clarity, pH, protein, glucose, cells, and bacteria. Conducted in a laboratory by trained professionals, offering high accuracy....

Penile Color Doppler Ultrasonography
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Penile Color Doppler Ultrasonography: Its Use in the Diagnosis of ED and Penile Diseases

Penile color Doppler ultrasonography (PCDU), also known as penile Doppler ultrasound (doppler USG) or penile vascular ultrasound, is a medical imaging technique used to assess the blood flow within the penis. This non-invasive procedure is primarily employed to diagnose and evaluate various conditions related to erectile dysfunction (ED) or other penile vascular disorders. Penile color...

Nocturnal Erections
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Nocturnal Erections: What is It, Clinical Significance

“Nocturnal erections,”  (NE) also known as “morning wood” or “sleep-related erections,” refer to spontaneous penile erections that occur during the night while a person is asleep. These erections are a normal physiological phenomenon and are not necessarily linked to sexual dreams or thoughts. They are more common during the rapid eye movement (REM) stage of...

Hypercholesterolemia and Erectile Dysfunction!
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Hypercholesterolemia and Erectile Dysfunction!

Hypercholesterolemia (CH) is a medical condition characterized by high levels of cholesterol in the blood. Cholesterol is a fatty substance that is essential for various bodily functions, but elevated levels can lead to the formation of plaque in the arteries, increasing the risk of cardiovascular diseases. Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a condition in which a...

Coexistence of Urolithiasis and Erectile Dysfunction
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Coexistence of Urolithiasis and Erectile Dysfunction!

The coexistence of urolithiasis and erectile dysfunction refers to the simultaneous presence of kidney stones (urolithiasis) and difficulties achieving or maintaining an erection (erectile dysfunction, or ED). Urolithiasis involves the formation of stones in the urinary tract, including the kidneys, and can lead to various symptoms such as pain, blood in urine, and obstruction of...

Commonly Seen Urologic Problems in Menopause
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Commonly Seen Urologic Problems in Menopause

Menopause is a natural biological process in women characterized by the permanent cessation of menstrual periods and the decline in reproductive hormones, particularly estrogen and progesterone. It marks the end of a woman’s reproductive years and usually occurs around the age of 50, leading to various physical and hormonal changes. “Urologic problems in menopause” refer...

Psychological and Organic Erectile Dysfunction: Definition, Causes and Differantiation
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Psychological and Organic Erectile Dysfunction: Definition, Causes and Differantiation

Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a condition characterized by the inability to achieve or maintain an erection sufficient for sexual activity. It can be broadly categorized into two main types: psychological and organic (physical) erectile dysfunction. Distinguishing between these factors is crucial for appropriate treatment, with psychological ED often addressed through counseling and organic ED requiring...

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